Public health engineering – Definition and Objectives

Public health engineering helps people to satisfy their humanitarian needs. Today’s crises occur often in urban areas. They usually last longer and have a wider regional effect. They cause widespread human misery, threaten basic services such as water supply and sanitation.

In this blog, I will show what is Public Health Engineering, its learning objectives and the role of a Public Health Engineer.

What is Public Health Engineering?

A clean and balanced Earth is a good place where everyone owns and bears responsibility for ensuring a good quality of life. It can be made possible through several ways.

Some of them are safe drinking water, proper sanitation, and best hygiene practices. This is what Public Health Engineering envisions for our society. It is a specialisation in civil engineering.

Engineers and technical specialists in the fields of water, sanitation, electricity and other related fields are critical in meeting the challenges and rising demands. They are known as public health engineers.

Water processing, purification, transmission, and distribution are all handled by the Public Health Engineering industry. Thus “Sanitary Engineering” is now referred to as “Public Health Engineering.” 

Role of a Public Health Engineer

Public health engineers
Public Health Engineers

A Public Health Engineer must calculate design flow, design population, design area, and population density in order to do his job. They will play an important role in the present and future scenarios for tackling the following issues:

  • Water, air, and soil contamination 
  • Environmental crises
  • Industrial solid and liquid waste management
  • Industrial and occupational safety hazardous 
  • Chemical hazards

A Public Health Engineer’s position today includes a wide range of responsibilities. This includes: 

  • Ensuring that water levels are controlled and managed
  • Rivers are built to function with increasing populations
  • Water and wastewater treatment systems are planned to meet growing demands
  • Evaluating and reducing water use in domestic and industrial applications.

Now let’s move on to the learning objectives of this amazing course.

Objectives of Public Health Engineering:

The course consists of the following modules.

  • Fundamentals of public health engineering
  • Humanitarian contexts
  • Water supply systems
  • Sanitation
  • Waste management and hygiene protection

Now let’s dive deeper into each of the objectives.

Fundamentals of Public Health Engineering: 

  • The first section explores the fundamentals of public health engineering.
  •  It shows how engineers can help reduce mortality and morbidity in a variety of humanitarian situations. 
  • Engineers must have a thorough understanding of how infectious diseases spread in order to do so.
  •  You will be exposed to various disease transmission routes in the area.
  •  You will gain awareness about steps that can be taken to prevent the spread of such diseases. 
  • To aid comprehension, real-life case studies will be presented.

Humanitarian contexts:

 The humanitarian background in which public health engineering activities take place is presented in this section. How long-running disputes impact urban basic services like water supply and sanitation, causing public health problems are dealt in this section.

Water Supply Systems:

 This section takes a look at some of the most popular water technologies used from the source to the distribution point. We address the benefits and drawbacks of various water distribution systems that can be used.

Sanitation: 

The section covers an analysis of sanitation technology and excreta management. Some of the humanitarian sector’s problems and activities are highlighted with the help of case studies.

Waste management & Hygiene promotion: 

Waste management - public health engineering
Waste Management

The section focuses on medical waste. It is a form of solid waste that public health engineers often encounter in humanitarian crises. Finally, in humanitarian emergencies, we address the crucial problem of behaviour modification and hygiene promotion.

A career in Civil Engineering with a specialisation in Public Health offers promising prospects. Some career choices that students can explore after their specialisation include:

  • Building Engineering & Services
  • Water Resources Engineering
  • Renewable Water Resources Management
  • Facility Management
  • Operations Management
  • Sustainable Design & Solutions
  • Clean Energy
  • Research & Development
  • Entrepreneurship

This Civil Engineering specialisation will place you on the right track if you want to make a difference in combating the global issues. Hope you found this article insightful.

Also read: Golden Gate Bridge: Design and 2 Main Issues

What is your motivation to take up this course? Let us know in the comments.

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