Refractory Bricks – Properties and Types

Refractory bricks, also known as firebrick are ceramic materials used to line furnaces, kilns, fireboxes, and fireplaces. A refractory brick is designed to withstand high temperatures while still having poor thermal conductivity for increased energy efficiency. Refractory bricks are used in place of regular bricks, which always have a tendency to shatter at high temperatures. These bricks may also go by the titles ceramic bricks or fire bricks… Read More Refractory Bricks – Properties and Types

Waffle Slab or Ribbed slab details and Construction, Advantages

Waffle slabs are ribbed reinforced concrete slabs. A waffle slab often referred to as a ribbed slab, is a structural component that is plain on top and has a grid pattern on the bottom. A waffle slab also called a two-way joist slab got ribs running perpendicular to each other in two directions on the underside. This slab resembles pockets of waffles because of its grid pattern. Hence they are named Waffle slab systems.… Read More Waffle Slab or Ribbed slab details and Construction, Advantages

Curing of Concrete – Concrete Curing Methods explained

Curing of concrete is the process of maintaining requisite moisture and temperature in hardened concrete for continued hydration. The curing of concrete plays a prime role in maintaining the design strength and durability of concrete. This article explains the significance of curing, and the types of curing methods prevailing in construction sites.… Read More Curing of Concrete – Concrete Curing Methods explained

Intelligent transportation system – Components of Intelligent transportation system

What is intelligent transportation system?Intelligent transportation system is a hot topic among all civil engineering subjects that has gained popularity and many countries are successfully implementing it. With the rapidly exploding population, ITS has even become a mandatory technique in all countries. Here, we are going to read through the main components of the intelligent transportation system. We will swim through the benefits of intelligent transportation system in the middle, then to uses and challenges of ITS.… Read More Intelligent transportation system – Components of Intelligent transportation system

Construction Joints in concrete – Construction joint types in slabs

Construction joints in concrete are a crucial and fundamental component of civil engineering and construction. Changes in temperature and moisture can cause concrete to expand and contract. Because concrete is weak in tension, shrinkage and volume change in concrete cause cracks. The construction joints installed at strategic locations prevent the formation of cracks in concrete… Read More Construction Joints in concrete – Construction joint types in slabs

What is a Plinth beam? Plinth beam height and size

What is a plinth beam in construction? Plinth beams are horizontal structural elements that are built at the plinth level. It is the first beam built after the foundation has been completed. Furthermore, the plinth beam is an important component in a building because it serves as a foundation for brickwork as well as a moisture barrier, preventing moisture from entering the superstructure walls. … Read More What is a Plinth beam? Plinth beam height and size

Furrow Method of Irrigation – Definition, Types and Advantages

Furrow irrigation is one of the surface irrigation methods. It is subdivided into straight furrows and contour furrow. I will explain the important details about each of them. Also, we will find out the construction method and advantages of furrow irrigation in the blog. Furrow method of irrigation is very much used for row crops like maize, jowar, sugarcane, cotton, tobacco, groundnut, potatoes etc. … Read More Furrow Method of Irrigation – Definition, Types and Advantages

Glass fiber reinforcement concrete – GFRC Ingredients, Mix and Applications

Glass fiber reinforcement concrete or GFRC is made up of portland cement, fine aggregate, water, acrylic copolymer, alkali-resistant glass fibre, reinforcement, and additives. Glass fiber reinforced concrete or GFRC is a type of fiber-reinforced concrete. The glass fibres used in Glass Fiber reinforcement concrete give this distinctive compound its strength. … Read More Glass fiber reinforcement concrete – GFRC Ingredients, Mix and Applications

Glass Fibre Reinforced Concrete- Fiberglass reinforced concrete Advantages

Glass fibre reinforced concrete or GFRC is a type of fibre-reinforced concrete. These are mainly used in exterior building façade panels and as architectural precast concrete. Somewhat similar materials are fibre cement siding and cement boards. They consist of high-strength, alkali-resistant glass fibre embedded in a concrete matrix. In this form, both fibres and matrix retain their physical and chemical identities, while offering a synergistic combination of properties that cannot be achieved with either of the components acting alone.… Read More Glass Fibre Reinforced Concrete- Fiberglass reinforced concrete Advantages

PCC Concrete – Plain Cement Concrete – PCC in Construction

PCC concrete of Plain Cement Concrete (PCC) is without reinforcement steel. Plain cement concrete (PCC) is high in compression and very low in tension. Plain cement concrete is commonly used over the ground to keep footing reinforcement from coming into direct contact with the soil. What do you mean by Plain cement concrete? How to select a concrete? What are the ingredients of plain cement concrete? Work procedure for placing plain cement concrete?… Read More PCC Concrete – Plain Cement Concrete – PCC in Construction

What Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) Measures?

Biochemical Oxygen Demand is a term all of us come across in most of the articles on water pollution. In this blog, I will walk you through Biochemical Oxygen Demand, its significance and measurement. Before delving into Biochemical Oxygen Demand we should first understand the concept of Dissolved Oxygen (DO), its significance and measurement.… Read More What Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) Measures?

Types of Cracks in Building- 14 Building Cracks Types- Causes & Prevention

Types of cracks in building varies with the type of building and construction. Cracks are always a hint of the stability and strength of the structure. Here we are going to find out the main causes and the remedial measures to tackle each of them. There are 14 causes of cracks in building Let’s jump right into one at a time. Joints need to be built like construction joints, expansion joints, control joints and slip joints.… Read More Types of Cracks in Building- 14 Building Cracks Types- Causes & Prevention

Types of Raft Foundations – Advantages and features

Types of Raft Foundation are chosen based on a variety of criteria, including bearing capacity, applicable loads, site conditions, cost-effectiveness, etc. A raft foundation is a continuous slab resting on the soil and covering the entire area of the proposed structure. This is one of the most commonly used types of foundation in construction. Raft foundation types are classified according to their application.… Read More Types of Raft Foundations – Advantages and features

Difference between marble and tiles – How to make a choice?

The difference between marble and tile is the most hotly contested flooring material choice that enters the picture while finalising the interiors. Most interior materials are simple, quick, and inexpensive to replace. However, replacing flooring is a time-consuming and expensive process. Therefore, pick a flooring material that can complement the interior design themes and is durable and low-maintenance.… Read More Difference between marble and tiles – How to make a choice?

Prefabricated and modular houses – 10 Amazing designs. | Advantages and Disadvantages

Prefabricated and modular houses, as found in New City Paradise, are like putting together a puzzle. But best of all is that from one or more pieces, it is you who decides the final image. The future of housing design will probably be increasingly closer to the modality of prefabricated and modular houses.… Read More Prefabricated and modular houses – 10 Amazing designs. | Advantages and Disadvantages

Bitumen Softening Point Test – Ring and ball method

The bitumen softening Point Test is done to determine the consistency of bitumen. Bitumen is a viscoelastic material, which means it behaves like both a liquid and a solid state. It does not have a specific melting point. As the temperature increases, the bitumen becomes softer and the viscosity of the bitumen decreases. One of the common parameters for classifying bitumen is the softening point of the bitumen. This property shows at what temperature the bitumen softens. … Read More Bitumen Softening Point Test – Ring and ball method

Types of foundations in civil engineering

Types of foundations – This article focuses on different types of foundations used in civil engineering. The foundation is the most crucial component of any structure/building because it transfers the total loads of the structure and its components to a competent ground surface. There are two types of foundations. ie: Shallow foundations and deep foundations… Read More Types of foundations in civil engineering

Penetration Test for Bitumen – Significance and Procedure

The penetration test for bitumen is a laboratory method for grading bitumen based on its hardness. In this test, the amount of penetrating a specific needle into the bitumen is measured.

More than 85% of bitumen is used in road construction. Weather condition affects on bitumen binder. In cold weather, bitumen becomes hard, and the possibility of cracking increases. On the other hand, hot weather causes bitumen becomes soft and sticky.… Read More Penetration Test for Bitumen – Significance and Procedure

Types of Culverts – Culverts meaning and Culvert types Explained

Culverts are tunnel structures constructed beneath rail tracks or roadways to facilitate cross drainage or to convey electrical cables from one side to the other. It is completely encircled by ground or soil. Pipe, box, and arch culverts are the most common types deployed under roadways and railroads.… Read More Types of Culverts – Culverts meaning and Culvert types Explained

Types of false ceilings – 7 ultimate ceiling types

Types of false ceilings, materials to be used and their selection are one of the most difficult challenges anyone should face when planning a new structure or restoring an existing one. The false ceiling materials should be durable and meet the requirements of the application locations. Ceiling systems are of numerous types for home interiors… Read More Types of false ceilings – 7 ultimate ceiling types

Environmental Laws of India – A Complete Guide

The environmental Laws of India help to ensure the protection of the environment and other natural resources and to prevent pollution. In this blog, we will discuss the major Environmental Laws of India and their provisions. Let’s begin with the background of the formation of Environmental Laws and the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF).… Read More Environmental Laws of India – A Complete Guide

Fuel Cells- Definition, Advantages and Future

Fuel cells are electrochemical cells that use a pair of redox reactions to transform the chemical energy of a fuel (typically hydrogen) and an oxidising agent (usually oxygen) into electricity. It finds various applications, including transportation, industrial/commercial/residential structures, and long-term grid energy storage in reversible systems.
Read More Fuel Cells- Definition, Advantages and Future

Wind Energy: Definition, Advantages, and Future

Wind energy or wind power refers to the process of using the wind to generate mechanical or electrical power. This mechanical energy can be employed for specialized purposes such as pumping water or it can be converted to electricity using a generator. A wind farm is a collection of wind turbines that are all located in the same area. A huge wind farm can include hundreds of separate wind turbines spread out over a vast region.… Read More Wind Energy: Definition, Advantages, and Future

Sustainable Waste Management – Full Details

Sustainable Waste Management has become the need of the hour with the ever-increasing amount of garbage that humans generate. According to the United Nations, around 11.2 billion tonnes of solid garbage are collected worldwide, with humans accounting for nearly all of it. As a result, we must devise plans for long-term sustainable waste management.… Read More Sustainable Waste Management – Full Details

Types of Levelling – Uses and advantages

Types of levelling – Leveling is a branch of surveying that deals with computing and determining the relative heights between different points with respect to the datum. The purpose of leveling is for determining the elevation of a point and establishing the same at a given elevation. Moreover leveling deals with the computation of measurements in the vertical plane. There are different types of leveling in Surveying. In this article, we will discuss the purpose and types of leveling.… Read More Types of Levelling – Uses and advantages

Landfills – Causes, Operation and Life Cycle- Everything you should know

Landfills are a regular occurrence all over the world, owing to the rising volume of trash generated by our homes, schools, offices, hospitals, and markets. The rising number of landfills around the world is largely due to increased urbanization and population growth rates.… Read More Landfills – Causes, Operation and Life Cycle- Everything you should know

Total station in surveying– Working Principle of Total station

Total station is used for computing slant distances, horizontal and vertical angles, elevations in topographic and geodetic works, tacheometric surveys, etc. The total station is a pre-eminent contribution to modern surveying and hence the equipment is designed for speed, range, and accuracy.… Read More Total station in surveying– Working Principle of Total station

Road Pavement Layers – Components and Functions

Road pavement structure: Road is the most important structure that decides the economic growth of a country. The road structure to be constructed based on the traffic requirements, climatic conditions of the area, terrain, etc. The road structure has to withstand abrasion loads and climatic and terrain conditions without failure. This article is about the components of a flexible pavement structure.… Read More Road Pavement Layers – Components and Functions

Floating House- 2 Types of Floating Houses & Amazing Examples

Floating houses are always an attraction to those who cares for the aesthetics and beauty of their residence. More than anything, they have this advantage to sustain from flood. Floating houses are similar in concept and normally defined those houses which are constructed on water in a way that the load of the structure is equal or less than the uplift force of the water which helps in floating the house on water.… Read More Floating House- 2 Types of Floating Houses & Amazing Examples

Final year Civil Engineering Projects Topic – 100 sample topics.

Final year civil engineering projects -major topics in structural, hydraulics, environmental, geo-technical and transportation engineering. – Importance of final year projects are, 1.They open the window to your interest after graduation 2. You get to participate in a team and improve leadership skills etc. And things to consider before you start doing the team project… Read More Final year Civil Engineering Projects Topic – 100 sample topics.

Principle of surveying-First and Second Survey Principle

What is principle of surveying? To understand the importance of the principle of surveying, we should first know the purpose of carrying out surveying. It is to make measurements of objects on, above, or beneath the ground to show their relative positions.
1. Working from whole to part 2. Taking extra care in fixing new control points
Read More Principle of surveying-First and Second Survey Principle