Types of Levelling – Uses and advantages

Types of levelling – Leveling is a branch of surveying that deals with computing and determining the relative heights between different points with respect to the datum. The purpose of leveling is for determining the elevation of a point and establishing the same at a given elevation. Moreover leveling deals with the computation of measurements in the vertical plane. There are different types of leveling in Surveying. In this article, we will discuss the purpose and types of leveling.… Read More Types of Levelling – Uses and advantages

Landfills – Causes, Operation and Life Cycle- Everything you should know

Landfills are a regular occurrence all over the world, owing to the rising volume of trash generated by our homes, schools, offices, hospitals, and markets. The rising number of landfills around the world is largely due to increased urbanization and population growth rates.… Read More Landfills – Causes, Operation and Life Cycle- Everything you should know

Components of staircase – Importance and functions

Components of staircase has to perform unique functional requirements. A staircase is one of the most important components of a building. The primary purpose of a staircase is to facilitate the movement from one floor to another. Staircases are straight or round and constructed using reinforced concrete, steel, wood, stones, etc. Apart from serving as access between floors, staircases increase the aesthetic appearance of the building.… Read More Components of staircase – Importance and functions

Types of doors – Top 7 door types explained

Types of doors commonly used in residential, commercial, and industrial construction depend on the application area, durability required, the purpose of the door, etc.A door is a movable barrier or mechanism for opening and closing an entranceway or a building/room. The purpose of the door in this urban environment is security and privacy. Apart from security, safety, and privacy, an aspect of art, beauty, and elegance is associated with it. The entrance door acts as a warm welcome to the areas inside.… Read More Types of doors – Top 7 door types explained

Segregation and bleeding in concrete – Types, Causes and remedies

Segregation is the separation of concrete ingredients from one another. Concrete is one of the most used construction materials. It consists of coarse aggregate, fine aggregate, cement and water. There are many reasons for the cause of segregation. This article is about segregation and bleeding and their types, causes and remedies.… Read More Segregation and bleeding in concrete – Types, Causes and remedies

Land Pollution Effects – Top 7 Effects Explained

Land pollution has disastrous effects, particularly on the survival of animals and humans, as well as in the quality of soil and water. Human activities have increasingly ruined and degraded land since the dawn of industrialization, producing diseases in humans and animals and limiting the capacity to support ecosystems and varied life forms.… Read More Land Pollution Effects – Top 7 Effects Explained

Types of Cement in Construction

Cement is an integral part of all types of construction ranging from huge skyscrapers, bridges, tunnels, etc to small residential buildings. It is one of the oldest and most used binding materials and an integral ingredient used in the construction sector. There are different types of cement available in the market. Each type of cement has its application depending on its properties. … Read More Types of Cement in Construction

Admixture types | Mineral and Chemical Admixture

Admixture is an ingredient added in concrete along with cement, sand, water, and aggregates to modify/enhance the properties of concrete and make it more desirable for a particular environment. Admixtures are important ingredients in high performance, long-lasting, durable and beautiful concrete produced now a days. This article is about Admixtures and their types.… Read More Admixture types | Mineral and Chemical Admixture

7 Types of Bridges – Design and Principles full details

Bridges can range from modest constructions to massive, eye-catching pieces of art – and everything in between. A bridge serves its sole purpose as long as it transports us across a gap. Types of bridges is an important classification in civil engineering. In today’s blog, we are going to learn different types of bridges in detail.… Read More 7 Types of Bridges – Design and Principles full details

What is Tertiary Wastewater Treatment? – Top Physicochemical Methods Explained

Tertiary wastewater treatment, also known as advanced wastewater treatment, is the third step of wastewater treatment. After secondary treatment, tertiary treatment of effluent entails several extra procedures to minimise organics, turbidity, nitrogen, phosphorus, metals, and pathogens. Tertiary treatment of wastewater makes it ready for reuse. Some examples of reuse include:… Read More What is Tertiary Wastewater Treatment? – Top Physicochemical Methods Explained

Specific Gravity and Water absorption test on Aggregate

Specific gravity and water absorption test are significant tests on aggregates. Perhaps aggregates are the fundamental and essential components of concrete and play a significant role in the design mix of concrete. More than 70 to 80 per cent of the volume of concrete is aggregate. Hence the water absorption and specific gravity test are essential and significant tests .… Read More Specific Gravity and Water absorption test on Aggregate

Soundness test on Cement – Procedure and Calculation

The soundness of the cement is the ability to resist volume changes after hardening. The soundness test on cement is significant because,using unsound cement leads to cracks and hamper the structural quality. A sound cement is one of the key materials used in construction. Therefore it is essential to determine its quality before using it in construction. … Read More Soundness test on Cement – Procedure and Calculation

Heat of hydration test of Cement – Process and Procedure

The heat of hydration is the heat liberated from the reaction between cement and water. Cement is a binding material. It consists of ingredients such as lime, Silica, Alumina etc. Water is added to cement to make it adhesive so that we can use it in construction. This article is about the heat of hydration of cement.… Read More Heat of hydration test of Cement – Process and Procedure

Classification of Surveying – A complete overview

Surveying is a branch of civil engineering that determines the relative position of points on the earth. It is the primary process to be done to before planning a new project. The main objective of surveying is to determine the direction, horizontal distance, elevation, areas etc to draft layouts at a predetermined scale. The surveying process consists of different methods like reconnaissance, measurement, marking and plan preparation. … Read More Classification of Surveying – A complete overview

ACP Sheets – Aluminium Composite Panels-An overview

ACP sheets are flat panels having a non-aluminum core sandwiched between two thin coil-coated aluminum sheets. Aluminum Composite Panel is the most durable and flexible decorative surface material available with enhanced performance properties. This article is about the manufacturing process, Types, Advantages, and application of ACP sheets.… Read More ACP Sheets – Aluminium Composite Panels-An overview

Methods of concrete curing – Top 3 curing methods explained

The concrete curing methods depend on the nature of the structure, site conditions, and ingredient parameters. In this article, we will go through some common curing methods adopted in constructions sites. For getting a better understanding of the topic, refer to our earlier article Curing of concrete – Process and significance.… Read More Methods of concrete curing – Top 3 curing methods explained

What is Sewage? – Sources, Treatment and Quality Indicators

Globally, 44% of sewage is not safely treated, according to UN-Water 2021. Releasing untreated sewage into water bodies pose a great threat to humans as well as the environment. But, how do we understand the quality of sewage and the number of pollutants in it? This blog let me walk you through the basics of sewage, its sources, types, and quality indicators.… Read More What is Sewage? – Sources, Treatment and Quality Indicators

Curing of Concrete – Significance || Concrete curing methods

Curing of concrete is the process of maintaining requisite moisture and temperature in hardened concrete for continued hydration. The curing of concrete plays a prime role in maintaining the design strength and durability of concrete. This article explains the significance of curing, and the types of curing methods prevailing in construction sites.… Read More Curing of Concrete – Significance || Concrete curing methods

Dog legged Staircase – Design, Features and Advantages

A dog-legged staircase is the simplest, common, space-saving, and economical staircase type used in commercial, industrial and residential buildings. A dog-legged staircase consists of two flights running in opposite directions and parallel to each other. They are separated categorically by a landing when the flights change direction.… Read More Dog legged Staircase – Design, Features and Advantages

Types of Dams – 3 Classification Criteria Explained

Types of Dams : Dams are large impounding structure or barriers which are outlined and constructed on a river or stream. Dams provide a wide variety of environmental, economic, and social benefits. The configuration and type of dam built should fulfil one or more purposes. This article is about the criteria for the selection of dam types.… Read More Types of Dams – 3 Classification Criteria Explained

Non Destructive test (NDT)- Hardened Concrete

Non-destructive test (NDT) and destructive tests (DT) are the the tests done one hardened concrete. Concrete is the oldest and most important construction material in the world. Testing of the concrete plays and important role to know about the strength, durability and condition of the structure. This article is about the types of Destructive and non destructive tests done on concrete.… Read More Non Destructive test (NDT)- Hardened Concrete

Rebound hammer test on Concrete structures

Rebound hammer test is one of the most popular and simple non-destructive concrete tests. The Non-destructive test is the process of detection of defects in concrete without its destruction. The determination of concrete quality is necessary for both fresh concrete and hardened concrete. The rebound hammer test is the common test for determining quality for existing structures.… Read More Rebound hammer test on Concrete structures

Highway Engineering- Definition, Importance and Construction Details

Highway engineering is an important topic in civil engineering. It includes the study of roads in depth. The technical aspects involved in this subject plays a significant role in construction of different types of roads. In this blog, I will show you all the details of the subject including the definition, topics, importance etc.… Read More Highway Engineering- Definition, Importance and Construction Details

Biochemical Oxygen Demand || Dissolved Oxygen of Water || Full Details

Biochemical Oxygen Demand is a term all of us come across in most of the articles on water pollution. In this blog, I will walk you through Biochemical Oxygen Demand, its significance and measurement. Before delving into Biochemical Oxygen Demand we should first understand the concept of Dissolved Oxygen (DO), its significance and measurement.… Read More Biochemical Oxygen Demand || Dissolved Oxygen of Water || Full Details

What are Water Pollutants? – Definition, Sources and Types

Water Pollutants kill more people every year than from all forms of violence including war, according to the UNDESA. Every day, 2 million tons of sewage, industrial, and agricultural waste reaches water bodies all over the world. With the growth of the human population, industrial and agricultural activities the hydrological cycle got disrupted. As a result, declining water quality has become a global issue of concern.… Read More What are Water Pollutants? – Definition, Sources and Types

Final year Civil Engineering Projects Topic – 100 sample topics.

Final year civil engineering projects -major topics in structural, hydraulics, environmental, geo-technical and transportation engineering. – Importance of final year projects are, 1.They open the window to your interest after graduation 2. You get to participate in a team and improve leadership skills etc. And things to consider before you start doing the team project… Read More Final year Civil Engineering Projects Topic – 100 sample topics.

Civil engineering subjects; Skills mastered and Applications

There are differences in the civil engineering subjects depending on the universities. But you will have to learn the following civil engineering subjects without any option. Because they decide your knowledge in the realm after you walk out of your college as a civil engineer. The main subjects, their objectives, outcomes and textbooks are presented.… Read More Civil engineering subjects; Skills mastered and Applications

LEED certification India- a comprehensive guide

LEED certification is important to achieve sustainability. What’s leed certification? How to get leed certification? LEED certification process comprising of 4 stages. Leed certification check list and differenct levels. Then pointing system for 1. Location and transportation 2. Sustainable sites 3. Water efficiency 4. Energy and atmosphere 5. Materials and resources 6. Indoor environmental air quality…… Read More LEED certification India- a comprehensive guide

Materials for False ceiling – Top 7 False ceiling materials

An artificial ceiling below the main roof of a room or a building is known as a false ceiling. False ceilings are second layer roofs, hanging from the main roof on suspended hanger supports. False ceilings provide an attractive and aesthetically pleasing look on the roofs. This article is about the top 7 trending materials for false ceilings.… Read More Materials for False ceiling – Top 7 False ceiling materials

Prestressing methods in Prestressed Concrete – Types and methodology

The prestressing in Prestressed concrete is done by inducing predetermined compressive stresses to concrete by tensioning the steel, before subjecting it to service loads. In prestressed Concrete the stress developed during the service stage is countered by the already induced compressive stresses. … Read More Prestressing methods in Prestressed Concrete – Types and methodology