Prefabricated and modular houses – 10 Amazing designs. | Advantages and Disadvantages

Prefabricated and modular houses, as found in New City Paradise, are like putting together a puzzle. But best of all is that from one or more pieces, it is you who decides the final image. The future of housing design will probably be increasingly closer to the modality of prefabricated and modular houses.… Read More Prefabricated and modular houses – 10 Amazing designs. | Advantages and Disadvantages

Bitumen Softening Point Test – Ring and ball method

The bitumen softening Point Test is done to determine the consistency of bitumen. Bitumen is a viscoelastic material, which means it behaves like both a liquid and a solid state. It does not have a specific melting point. As the temperature increases, the bitumen becomes softer and the viscosity of the bitumen decreases. One of the common parameters for classifying bitumen is the softening point of the bitumen. This property shows at what temperature the bitumen softens. … Read More Bitumen Softening Point Test – Ring and ball method

Types of foundations in civil engineering

Types of foundations – This article focuses on different types of foundations used in civil engineering. The foundation is the most crucial component of any structure/building because it transfers the total loads of the structure and its components to a competent ground surface. There are two types of foundations. ie: Shallow foundations and deep foundations… Read More Types of foundations in civil engineering

Penetration Test for Bitumen – Significance and Procedure

The penetration test for bitumen is a laboratory method for grading bitumen based on its hardness. In this test, the amount of penetrating a specific needle into the bitumen is measured.

More than 85% of bitumen is used in road construction. Weather condition affects on bitumen binder. In cold weather, bitumen becomes hard, and the possibility of cracking increases. On the other hand, hot weather causes bitumen becomes soft and sticky.… Read More Penetration Test for Bitumen – Significance and Procedure

Types of false ceilings – 7 ultimate ceiling types

Types of false ceilings, materials to be used and their selection are one of the most difficult challenges anyone should face when planning a new structure or restoring an existing one. The false ceiling materials should be durable and meet the requirements of the application locations. Ceiling systems are of numerous types for home interiors… Read More Types of false ceilings – 7 ultimate ceiling types

Environmental Laws of India – A Complete Guide

The environmental Laws of India help to ensure the protection of the environment and other natural resources and to prevent pollution. In this blog, we will discuss the major Environmental Laws of India and their provisions. Let’s begin with the background of the formation of Environmental Laws and the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF).… Read More Environmental Laws of India – A Complete Guide

Fuel Cells- Definition, Advantages and Future

Fuel cells are electrochemical cells that use a pair of redox reactions to transform the chemical energy of a fuel (typically hydrogen) and an oxidising agent (usually oxygen) into electricity. It finds various applications, including transportation, industrial/commercial/residential structures, and long-term grid energy storage in reversible systems.
Read More Fuel Cells- Definition, Advantages and Future

Wind Energy: Definition, Advantages, and Future

Wind energy or wind power refers to the process of using the wind to generate mechanical or electrical power. This mechanical energy can be employed for specialized purposes such as pumping water or it can be converted to electricity using a generator. A wind farm is a collection of wind turbines that are all located in the same area. A huge wind farm can include hundreds of separate wind turbines spread out over a vast region.… Read More Wind Energy: Definition, Advantages, and Future

Sustainable Waste Management – Full Details

Sustainable Waste Management has become the need of the hour with the ever-increasing amount of garbage that humans generate. According to the United Nations, around 11.2 billion tonnes of solid garbage are collected worldwide, with humans accounting for nearly all of it. As a result, we must devise plans for long-term sustainable waste management.… Read More Sustainable Waste Management – Full Details

Types of Levelling – Uses and advantages

Types of levelling – Leveling is a branch of surveying that deals with computing and determining the relative heights between different points with respect to the datum. The purpose of leveling is for determining the elevation of a point and establishing the same at a given elevation. Moreover leveling deals with the computation of measurements in the vertical plane. There are different types of leveling in Surveying. In this article, we will discuss the purpose and types of leveling.… Read More Types of Levelling – Uses and advantages

Landfills – Causes, Operation and Life Cycle- Everything you should know

Landfills are a regular occurrence all over the world, owing to the rising volume of trash generated by our homes, schools, offices, hospitals, and markets. The rising number of landfills around the world is largely due to increased urbanization and population growth rates.… Read More Landfills – Causes, Operation and Life Cycle- Everything you should know

Components of staircase – Importance and functions

Components of staircase has to perform unique functional requirements. A staircase is one of the most important components of a building. The primary purpose of a staircase is to facilitate the movement from one floor to another. Staircases are straight or round and constructed using reinforced concrete, steel, wood, stones, etc. Apart from serving as access between floors, staircases increase the aesthetic appearance of the building.… Read More Components of staircase – Importance and functions

Types of doors – Top 7 door types explained

Types of doors commonly used in residential, commercial, and industrial construction depend on the application area, durability required, the purpose of the door, etc.A door is a movable barrier or mechanism for opening and closing an entranceway or a building/room. The purpose of the door in this urban environment is security and privacy. Apart from security, safety, and privacy, an aspect of art, beauty, and elegance is associated with it. The entrance door acts as a warm welcome to the areas inside.… Read More Types of doors – Top 7 door types explained

Segregation and bleeding in concrete – Types, Causes and remedies

Segregation is the separation of concrete ingredients from one another. Concrete is one of the most used construction materials. It consists of coarse aggregate, fine aggregate, cement and water. There are many reasons for the cause of segregation. This article is about segregation and bleeding and their types, causes and remedies.… Read More Segregation and bleeding in concrete – Types, Causes and remedies

Land Pollution Effects – Top 7 Effects Explained

Land pollution has disastrous effects, particularly on the survival of animals and humans, as well as in the quality of soil and water. Human activities have increasingly ruined and degraded land since the dawn of industrialization, producing diseases in humans and animals and limiting the capacity to support ecosystems and varied life forms.… Read More Land Pollution Effects – Top 7 Effects Explained

Types of Cement in Construction

Cement is an integral part of all types of construction ranging from huge skyscrapers, bridges, tunnels, etc to small residential buildings. It is one of the oldest and most used binding materials and an integral ingredient used in the construction sector. There are different types of cement available in the market. Each type of cement has its application depending on its properties. … Read More Types of Cement in Construction

Admixture types | Mineral and Chemical Admixture

Admixture is an ingredient added in concrete along with cement, sand, water, and aggregates to modify/enhance the properties of concrete and make it more desirable for a particular environment. Admixtures are important ingredients in high performance, long-lasting, durable and beautiful concrete produced now a days. This article is about Admixtures and their types.… Read More Admixture types | Mineral and Chemical Admixture

7 Types of Bridges – Design and Principles full details

Bridges can range from modest constructions to massive, eye-catching pieces of art – and everything in between. A bridge serves its sole purpose as long as it transports us across a gap. Types of bridges is an important classification in civil engineering. In today’s blog, we are going to learn different types of bridges in detail.… Read More 7 Types of Bridges – Design and Principles full details

What is Tertiary Wastewater Treatment? – Top Physicochemical Methods Explained

Tertiary wastewater treatment, also known as advanced wastewater treatment, is the third step of wastewater treatment. After secondary treatment, tertiary treatment of effluent entails several extra procedures to minimise organics, turbidity, nitrogen, phosphorus, metals, and pathogens. Tertiary treatment of wastewater makes it ready for reuse. Some examples of reuse include:… Read More What is Tertiary Wastewater Treatment? – Top Physicochemical Methods Explained

Specific Gravity and Water absorption test on Aggregate

Specific gravity and water absorption test are significant tests on aggregates. Perhaps aggregates are the fundamental and essential components of concrete and play a significant role in the design mix of concrete. More than 70 to 80 per cent of the volume of concrete is aggregate. Hence the water absorption and specific gravity test are essential and significant tests .… Read More Specific Gravity and Water absorption test on Aggregate

Soundness test on Cement – Procedure and Calculation

The soundness of the cement is the ability to resist volume changes after hardening. The soundness test on cement is significant because,using unsound cement leads to cracks and hamper the structural quality. A sound cement is one of the key materials used in construction. Therefore it is essential to determine its quality before using it in construction. … Read More Soundness test on Cement – Procedure and Calculation

Heat of hydration test of Cement – Process and Procedure

The heat of hydration is the heat liberated from the reaction between cement and water. Cement is a binding material. It consists of ingredients such as lime, Silica, Alumina etc. Water is added to cement to make it adhesive so that we can use it in construction. This article is about the heat of hydration of cement.… Read More Heat of hydration test of Cement – Process and Procedure

Road Pavement Layers – Components and Functions

Road pavement structure: Road is the most important structure that decides the economic growth of a country. The road structure to be constructed based on the traffic requirements, climatic conditions of the area, terrain, etc. The road structure has to withstand abrasion loads and climatic and terrain conditions without failure. This article is about the components of a flexible pavement structure.… Read More Road Pavement Layers – Components and Functions

Civil engineering subjects; Skills mastered and Applications

There are differences in the civil engineering subjects depending on the universities. But you will have to learn the following civil engineering subjects without any option. Because they decide your knowledge in the realm after you walk out of your college as a civil engineer. The main subjects, their objectives, outcomes and textbooks are presented.… Read More Civil engineering subjects; Skills mastered and Applications

LEED certification India- a comprehensive guide

LEED certification is important to achieve sustainability. What’s leed certification? How to get leed certification? LEED certification process comprising of 4 stages. Leed certification check list and differenct levels. Then pointing system for 1. Location and transportation 2. Sustainable sites 3. Water efficiency 4. Energy and atmosphere 5. Materials and resources 6. Indoor environmental air quality…… Read More LEED certification India- a comprehensive guide

Materials for False ceiling – Top 7 False ceiling materials

An artificial ceiling below the main roof of a room or a building is known as a false ceiling. False ceilings are second layer roofs, hanging from the main roof on suspended hanger supports. False ceilings provide an attractive and aesthetically pleasing look on the roofs. This article is about the top 7 trending materials for false ceilings.… Read More Materials for False ceiling – Top 7 False ceiling materials

Prestressing methods in Prestressed Concrete – Types and methodology

The prestressing in Prestressed concrete is done by inducing predetermined compressive stresses to concrete by tensioning the steel, before subjecting it to service loads. In prestressed Concrete the stress developed during the service stage is countered by the already induced compressive stresses. … Read More Prestressing methods in Prestressed Concrete – Types and methodology