Category Archives: WPC boards

WPC Board vs Plywood – Which is best?

WPC Board vs Plywood– Which is best ? When you decide to do the interiors of your home or office a lot of materials come to your mind. But choosing the right material is the primary concern and need. Of all the interior materials available in the market Plywood and WPC or Wood plastic composite are the most preferred and commonly used. Which one do you choose?

Both are excellent building materials in terms of durability, strength, and workability and are available in different grades to cater to any requirement, budget, and application areas.

wpc boards used as kitchen cabinets

What is WPC boards?

WPC boards are made from grounded sawdust thoroughly mixed and heated with thermoplastic resins mixed with additives for imparting superior qualities. Sawdust from fibre fillers like pulp, peanut hulls, byproducts of the textile industry, bamboo, etc. are mixed with virgin or waste/recycled plastic derived from polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, polypropylene, etc. Nowadays polyethylene-based plastics are commonly used. The proportion of sawdust is around 15%, virgin/recycled plastic constitutes 75%, and the remaining will be different additives. WPC board is a hybrid product that got the qualities of wood and easiness and water-resistant properties of plastic. These ingredients are mixed to a thick consistency and are moulded or extruded to form WPC boards.


Must Read : WPC Boards – Advantages, Disadvantages and Uses.

What is plywood?

Plywood is a manufactured wood panel/ engineered wood made from thin sliced natural wood called veneers in the core as well as the face. These core veneers are glued in layers one on top of the other with adjacent layers having their wood grains rotated up to 90 degrees to one another. The cross layering of adjacent layers imparts structural strength and stability to plywood. These veneers are bonded together with glue and pressed under high pressure and heated to form plywood. Plywood is a versatile, flexible, and highly workable building material widely used in manufacturing furniture, cabinets, shelves, and wardrobes, etc. They are also used for woodwork for ships and boats and for shuttering works in the construction sector. These are the commonly used categories of plywood based on application sectors.


Also read : Plywood Types – MR resistant, BWR and BWP/Marine ply

WPC board vs Plywood – A comparison

Plywood is available in three different grades. They are MR grade/ commercial ply as per IS 303, Exterior grade /BWR grade as per IS 303 and Marine ply/BWP grade as per IS 710 grade. Marine ply is the most superior grade of plywood. For comparison, we are taking marine ply and Wood plastic composite (WPC).
Marine plywood and WPC boards got similar characteristics – They are moisture-resistant, termite-resistant, suitable for outdoor applications, and extensively used for external and works exposed to water and moisture such as kitchens and bathrooms and external furniture, facades, etc.


WPC board vs Plywood – Ingredients and manufacturing

PlywoodWPC Board
Plywood is made of sliced wood layers (veneers) and is placed in a cross-layered pattern. The veneer layers are glued together using synthetic resins like Urea Formaldehyde or Phenol formaldehyde, pressed with high pressure, and heated
to form plywood.
Manufactured from a mixture of sawdust/wood fibre and waste/ recycled plastics. The materials are mixed with pigments and additives and moulded our extruded to for WPC boards.

Moisture resistant and termite resistant qualities

PlywoodWPC board
Marine-grade ply wood surface is
very hard and delivers superior
water-resistant qualities.
They are made from tropical
hardwood veneers and jointed using
water-resistant adhesive. Marine ply
is further treated with preservatives
and protective finishes to enhance
water and termite resistant qualities.
WPC is a Mixture of sawdust
and plastics. They are a hundred
percent water-resistant
termite-proof material.

Because of these qualities, both these materials can be used for wet areas, external furniture, facades, kitchen cabinets, bathroom interiors, etc. But plywood of grades other than Marine got less water and moisture resistant than WPC boards.


Fire resistant and heat resistance

PlywoodWPC board
Plywood burns with flame and is
more suspectable to heat.
WPC does not burn with flames due to the presence of plastic material and special additives. WPC is a polymer-based material and does not catch fire.

Plywood can be made fire resistant by protecting with fire-retardant additives. Fire and heat resistant qualities are much better in the case of WPC boards.

Screw holding capacity

Due to the cross-layered arrangement of veneers, plywood possesses extremely good screw holding capacities. It may not come out from hinges easily.

Screw holding capacity of WPC depends on the density of the materials. For a competitive screw holding capacity, WPC boards should possess a density of 600kg/cm3.

Screw holding capacity of plywood is comparatively better than WPC boards.



The durability of plywood depends on the grade which is being used and the area of application. Plywood is durable but has to be maintained properly. Some plywood grades may split or splinter in course of time.

WPC is an extremely durable material and is long-lasting.

WPC always comes with a lifetime guarantee from major manufactures whereas plywood quality determines durability and life. Because of the presence of a lot of plywood manufacturers, the qualities may be compromised. BWR grade- IS 303 GRADE plywood is sold to the customer in place of Marine ply in most of the cases. Ensure that the materials to be purchased from the reputed manufacturer with proper test certificates.

WPC is extruded or moulded to form sheets and hence are a homogeneous material whereas plywood is made by layers that are glued and may fail.


Plywood can be easily bent without affecting its strength. But planning and molding are not possible like Wood and WPC due to cross-layered arrangement.

WPC got the combined properties of plastic and wood and hence are more flexible than plywood and can be thermoformed to any shape. They can also be moulded, planned, and grooved, exactly like wood.

Plywood cannot be used in the raw form. Plywood has to be covered with laminate or veneer to match the colour scheme. Plywood got a good surface enabling the gluing of veneers and laminates. They can also be painted with PU and textures. Laminated plywood are also available for various uses.
The veneers and laminates may peel off on continuous exposure to sunlight and water.

In the case of WPC boards, the colours are generated through the addition of pigments in the manufacturing process and do not fade easily on exposure to sunlight. WPC does not need any laminate, veneer, paints, and polish.

Veneers and laminates are fixed on WPC with proper roughening of the surface and treatment with special adhesives and double side adhesive tapes. They can even be painted with PU paint and texture paint after the application of plastic primer. The bonding properties of WPC with laminates, veneers, and paint are not strong when compared with plywood.

Eco friendly qualities

Plywood veneers are from cutting trees and are not environmentally friendly. The manufacturing of plywood will result in deforestation.

WPC is made from wood waste, sawdust, recycled plastics, etc and consumes industrial wastes and converts it into usable materials. WPC manufacturing does not generate any wastage nor any trees are cut in this process and is an environmental friendly material.

WPC board vs plywood – Cost

Good quality WPC boards are costlier than marine plywood. But the additional costs incurred for veneer, laminates etc can be eliminated.


WPC is a long-lasting, eco-friendly, durable, and extremely high water and moisture resistant product than plywood. But the looks cannot match exactly as wood and they do not have the choice of application of beautiful laminates and veneers. Still, WPC stands out as a better option than plywood in wet areas even though it costs high. Plywood on the other hand is durable and can match wood finishes and colours through veneers and laminates which is not possible in WPC.

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WPC Boards – Advantages, Disadvantages and Uses.

WPC boards or Wood Plastic Composite (WPC) is a hybrid product manufactured by mixing sawdust and plastic materials. WPC boards are used in a wide range of structural and non-structural applications due to their superior qualities and strength when compared with any other materials used for the same purpose. They are one of the best alternatives for natural wood and plywood as they come with add-on features like water-resistant, no decay, design flexibility, ease of working, colour choice, etc. They are extensively used for facades, swimming pool decks, doors, windows, interiors, furniture, etc. Let us go through its unique properties and applications.

Materials used for interior works

For making a room usable and the interiors to be set up in the right direction. Interior materials for modular kitchen, wardrobes, cabinets, etc has to be made with durable materials that have to look elegant and long-lasting. Here we are listing a few commonly used materials.

  • Particle board
  • MDF
  • HDF
  • PVC or Multiwood
  • Plywood
  • WPC or Wood plastic composite

All these materials can be used as an alternative for wood. But why WPC boards are best and preferred choice. Let us go through the facts..

Modular kitchen cabinets
Modular kitchen cabinets

WPC boards – Ingredients

WPC is made from grounded sawdust thoroughly mixed and heated with thermoplastic resins mixed with additives for imparting superior qualities. Sawdust from fibre fillers like pulp, peanut hulls, byproducts of the textile industry, bamboo, etc. are mixed with virgin or waste/recycled plastic derived from polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, polypropylene, etc. Nowadays polyethylene-based plastics are commonly used. The proportion of sawdust is around 15%, virgin/recycled plastic constitutes 75%, and the remaining will be different additives. WPC board is a hybrid product that got the qualities of wood and easiness and water-resistant properties of plastic. These ingredients are mixed to a thick consistency and are moulded or extruded to form WPC boards.

WPC boards – Manufacturing process

The ingredients are mixed to achieve a relatively thick consistency and are extruded or moulded. Additives, such as pigments, binding agents, and lubricants are added for extra strength and other superior properties. WPC products got high cellulose content and hence can be moulded to any shape and size. They can be treated as wood which can withstand moisture and rot-resistant.

WPC boards – Properties

WPC boards are available in 4 ft x 8 ft (1220 x 2440 mm) sizes. and available in thickness of 5 mm, 6 mm, 8mm/7.5 mm, 10 mm, 12 mm, 15 mm, 17 mm, 18 mm, 20 mm, 25 mm. They are available in low density, medium density, and High density. With these variations in densities, we can choose them based on areas of usage. The density of around 600 kg /cum is idle for good screw holding capacity.

WPC board - Modular kitchen
WPC board Modular kitchen

Advantages of WPC boards

WPC boards got superior qualities which stand out from other conventional materials and wood substitutes.

Green and environmental friendly product

Biodegradable materials and 100 % recyclable materials like wood waste, industrial waste, agricultural waste, plastic waste, etc are used in the production of WPC boards. No trees are cut in the making process of WPC boards.

The extrusion process consumes almost 100 % raw material without generating wastage. The process does not emit any hazardous chemicals like formaldehyde or any VOCs. WPC boards can be an integral part of green buildings.

WPC boards are reusable products and almost all manufacturers sell with buyback guarantee if returned as plain material.

Water resistant and Heat resistant properties

WPC boards are moisture and heat resistant than any other conventional building materials. They are preferred over marine plywood, wood, and other similar products for modular kitchen cabinets, partition, wardrobes, etc.

WPC board got excellent water-resistant properties, they do not wear and tear, and will not fade on exposure to the external atmosphere. Because of these properties, WPC boards are used for external applications like facades, decking for swimming pools, landscape items, garden furniture, garden fencing, flower pots, etc. due to its low maintenance.

WPC Board - Swimming pool deck


WPC boards are highly durable and are not affected by any of the climatic changes like rain, snow, humidity, and chemicals, etc. Hence they are used for external applications. 

Because of its high density, all types of screws and nails can be easily fixed with the help of a conventional tool. WPC boards have better screw and nail holding capacity than plywood and can even screw and unscrew multiple times in a single spot without failure.

They do not need any coatings and maintenance like that of wood and do not fade on exposure to sunlight.

Colour and coatings

WPC boards are available in a variety of colours and do not require any protective coatings. They can also be painted using textured and PU paints but care should be taken to apply plastic primers. WPC boards can also be laminated and veneered after applying required surface preparations. 

Ease of fixing

WPC can be moulded into different shapes and sizes. They can be cut, grooved and moulded easily with conventional tools and gives an elegant and classy look.

WPC Board - Moulded and grooved
WPC board- Moulded and grooved

Termite resistant

WPC do not corrode and are highly resistance to rot, decay and marine borer attack. They do not absorb any moisture like plywood and conventional wood.

Fire resistant

WPC material is highly fire resistant and fire retardant material. Plywood burns with flame whereas WPC do not burns with flame. That is why it is preferred for kitchen interiors.

Disadvantages of WPC boards

The short coming of wood and plastic is evident in WPC boards

The initial cost is comparatively high compared to other alternative materials used for the same purpose.

The wooden finishes gives and artificial looks when used in interiors, doors and windows.

They are not resistant to high temperatures. Hot utensils when placed over WPC board gives a melting impression if the temperature is more than 90-100 degree.

Laser cutters may burn the product.

WPC requires minor maintenance. If used for horizontal surface scratches will be formed.

Applications of WPC boards

Due to its superior qualities like water resistant, termite resistant, and other properties they are used for a lot of applications both internal and external.

External applications

They are used for facades, decking of swimming pools, garden furniture, landscape components, park benches , planter boxes, outdoor panelling,doors , windows etc.

WPC boards can be used in signboards, display boards, direct digital printing, exhibitions stands & graphics.

External Facade
WPC facade

Interior applications

They are used for interior ceiling, kitchen cabinets, bathroom vanities, interior partitions, modular furnishing, household furniture, doors, windows , railing, wall panellings etc.


WPC is an innovative material which has proven its ability as one of the most sustainable and eco-friendly option with add on like moisture resistance and fire resistant qualities. They can act as a perfect alternative if used in a systematic way.